Sexually transmitted diseases or STDs are the most commonly spread diseases. These diseases are more common these days because it is difficult to detect their symptoms, adopt curative measures, and control them. These diseases are transmitted during sexual intercourse.
These not only mean through sex organs but also can be transmitted through the oral tract. Their prevention, control, and protection are extremely important for it adds risk to the future generation as well. Moreover, people are also reluctant to visit the doctor for the detection of STDs. They are risking everyone’s life.
Top 10 STDs
STDs not only risk the lives of the deceased but also are a cause of concern for their sexual partners. It is important to know their type, treatment, and other information. Top 10 STDs are described in detail below:
Chlamydia is the commonly transmitted STD. it is commonly caused by trachomatis bacteria. It can affect both men and women in the throat and rectum. However, it specifically affects the cervix and urethra in men and women respectively. Chlamydia is a commonly transmitted disease which transfers from mother to her offspring or even during unprotected sex.
It can also transfer if the history of the sexual partner is unknown. It has different symptoms for both men and women. Initially, it does not show any symptoms but gradually, it may cause certain problems. It may cause pain during sexual intercourse, abdominal pain, nausea, or fever. It may also result in strange discharge from both the vagina and penis.
It is also referred to as the clap. This originates from Neisseria gonorrhea bacteria. It generally affects the areas like eyes, throat, female reproductive system, etc. Gonorrhea can be treated with antibodies and other modern drugs. It requires appropriate diagnoses and proper prevention. This can be prevented by regular tests and wearing condoms and have safe sex. This is also essential to know the sexual history of the partner.
It is a highly contaminated disease that can be transferred from oral or vaginal sex. Syphilis bacterium also spreads from the blood clots and mucous membranes. It adds to the risk of diseases like arthritis and blindness. The major treatment of arthritis includes a dose of penicillin. However, if it has been more than a year for a patient suffering from arthritis, he is diagnosed properly and taken immediate care with regular doses of drugs.
Human Papilloma Virus:
It is one of the highly contagious sexual diseases. Its symptoms may cause some genital warts, common warts, plantar warts, etc. It may also result in cervical cancer in women. Women above 30 years are advised to have a lab test for the virus after every 3 years. There is initially no treatment of the virus. However, warts can go with some medication and drugs.
HIV – AIDS:
Human immune- deficiency virus is a highly contagious disease. It risks the lives of both the sexual partners and can even transfer from mother to her newborn during childbirth. It can also be transmitted by using infected razors and syringes. There is, however, no treatment for the syndrome. The initial protection may start from lab tests and medication. Also, the patients are advised to go through antiretroviral regiments.
This bacterium has come into existence recently in 2007. It lives on the genital areas and spreads very fast during sexual intercourse. It is a highly risky disease and transfers very fast. This is associated with serious long term illness. If not identified properly and treated accurately, it may lead to infertility and infertility diseases. You can identify this only with proper lab tests. Its treatment involves proper medication and drugs and sometimes can even be operated.
Trichomoniasis is one of the most commonly transmitted infections by a parasite. It is a highly contagious disease that is transferred at the time of unsecured sex. It may result in foul-smelled discharge and genital irritation in women. However, it does not cause any symptoms in men. You can prevent this by using condoms and not having sex with many sexual partners. Its treatment includes intake of a large dose of an oral antibiotic drug by both the sexual partners.
Public lice or crabs is a louse that usually lives on a person’s coarse hair. It is transferred from intimate contact or sexual contact. It feeds on human blood. You can see the lice by carefully examining your pubic area and even after a medical test. You can visibly see the lice’s eggs. It is treated by washing your pubic area frequently and with strong drug intake.
Chancroid is a sexually transmitted disease commonly caused by sexually active people. This is more common in the case of people who have sex with commercial sex workers and have several sex partners. Men can notice red bumps in the genital area which can develop into open sores within a day or two. Women may also see some bumps around their pelvic region and labia. It can be easily treated with adequate medication and surgery.
It is also known as herpes simplex. It can be easily transmitted from oral or sexual contact. Its symptoms usually include a cluster of blisters around the affected area i.e. around the genitals and mouth. There is, however, no treatment for HVS. Some medications can lower the pain and symptoms of the disease. But the disease continues till a lifetime.
Is white discharge a sign of STD?
White discharge initially signals the demise of dead cells from the body. However, it may also be an indication of sexually transmitted diseases. If a woman undergoes sexual intercourse, she may experience fatal smell and itching around the pelvic region. As soon as there is a change in the normal white discharge and also foul smell comes out of it, it is a sign of sexual infection. She must directly visit a doctor for appropriate treatment and guidance.