Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a common disease among women all over the world. At least 1 in every 10 women suffers from PCOS nowadays. It is a hormonal disorder of the reproductive system. As a result ovaries with a small cyst at the outer edge get larger than its normal size.
An untreated cyst is a serious problem. Diseases like type2 diabetes, heart problem or even cancers are generating. The cyst itself is not harmful but it can lead to hormonal misbalance. More than 1 million women are suffering from an ovarian cyst. The problems of women are lying on some causes:
There is no specific cause of having PCOs, the unhealthy lifestyle and genetic problems. The ovaries develop numerous small follicles filled with water like fluid and failed to release egg monthly thus fail to function properly.
I do have PCOS. In this article, I going to discuss the symptoms, diagnosis and possibly treatment of PCOS.
The three main features of PCOS are:
- Irregular periods – which means there is no regular ovulation. This prevents a woman to get pregnant.
- Excess androgen – elevated levels of this ‘male hormones’, it may cause physical signs such as excessive facial or body hair.
- Polycystic ovaries –both the ovaries become large and contain many follicles that are fluid-filled sacs (follicles) that surround the eggs (it’s important to note that, despite the name, if you have PCOS you don’t actually have cysts).
Doctors sometimes fail to diagnose people with this condition—so often than 50 percent of women with PCOS do not know they have it. In a survey published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, nearly half of women visited three or more doctors and a third of them took more than two years before receiving a PCOS diagnosis.
The general public and scientific community are equally slow on the uptake. Approximately more than 10 million American ladies are suffering from PCOD.
- Irregular periods:
Irregular periods are the most prominent symptom of PCOS. Most probably with ovarian cyst most of the women have less than 9 periods a year. But in some cases, heavy bleeding during menstruation with heavy pain is the sign of having PCOD.
- Excess hair growth:
The elevated level of androgen hormone results in excess growth of facial and body hair. Acne and male pattern baldness are the sign of cyst.
- Weight gain:
Gaining weight with PCOS is the worst. Excessive obesity in the waist areas is a common symptom. Weight gain can make the problem worsen as hormones get out of control and ovaries not letting them release the egg successfully.
- Other diseases:
A patient gets frustrate and fatigue due to hormonal misbalance and weight gain. In PCOS insulin hormone does not function properly thus type2 diabetes, heart diseases, high blood pressure, back pain are PCOS related diseases.
Due to irregular periods and improper function of hormones, most of the women with PCOS get infertility at a very early age of their life.
Sometimes miscarriage and premature birth are the results of Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome.
- PCOS is diagnosed by blood tests (FSH, LH, TSH).
- Also, Ultrasound will be done to see the condition.
Treatment of Poly Cystic Ovary can be done on the basis of whether the pregnancy is achieved or not.
- The best treatment of PCOS is to change food habits and lifestyle.
- Early diagnosis and treatment are required. Weight loss decreases the risk of type2 diabetes, heart diseases, cholesterol, high blood pressure, etc.
- Taking birth control pills helps to regulate the menstruation cycle. For improvement of fertility or if pregnancy required take Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) medication.
- For fertility treatment, in-vitro fertilization is a good treatment.
- Taking diabetes medication to keep the glucose level in blood a check.
- The doctor usually recommends making use of those cycles when you are on Clomid as regular sex will make up for fertilizing the eggs released.
The food you should avoid in PCOD:
- Processed foods
- Refined carbohydrates
- Processed meat like sausages, hot dogs.
- Sugary soft drinks and alcohol
- Oily and deep-fried foods
- Fast foods or junk foods.
- Diary products.
- Excessive red meat like beef, pork.
- Solid fats
The food you should include in your Diet:
- Ginger tea, green tea.
- Lemon, ginger, garlic.
- Lots of fruits like blueberries, blackberries, red grapes.
- Dark chocolate.
- Nuts, almonds, walnuts, pine nuts.
- Green veggies like broccoli, cauliflower, leafy green.
- Olive oil, coconut oil.
- Omega-3 fatty acid-containing foods.
- Spices like Cinamon, turmeric.
- High-fiber foods.
These are all accepted treatments for Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome, along with the inevitable recommendations about diet and exercise. None of them are perfect remedies, and thus there is no official cure for the syndrome. Doctors reportedly recommend losing weight and body fat. But it is quite difficult to lose weight, as there is a huge hormonal problem.