Health Condition And Diseases

Things To Know About Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is the mental illness in which a person experiences mood swings either because he is extremely happy or is depressed. He requires special medical and family attention to survive.

Also, bipolar treatment is very essential for their lives. People who do not get the required bipolar treatment are less likely to stay healthy. Their condition becomes worse day by day. Bipolar disorder is a chronic disease that lasts throughout the life of a patient.

Nowadays, cases of Bipolar disorder are increasing every day because of the increase in pressure and burden on us which has now lead to stress.


Treatment for Bipolar Disorder:

Bipolar disorder is difficult to cure. It is a life-long disease and is chronic.

Treatment for Bipolar Disorder includes both medication and psychotherapy. These are extremely helpful in some cases and others are difficult to cure. Individuals affected with Bipolar disorder are on the first phase given the dose of mood stabilizers.

Then, accordingly, they are given antidepressants and antipsychotics. The Treatment for Bipolar Disorder also includes psychotherapy which helps to prevent mood swings, change negative, and indifferent attitude, removes harmful thoughts from the minds of the patient. IPSRT (interpersonal and social rhythm therapy) is also an important tool in Treatment for Bipolar Disorder.

It focuses on introducing routines to manage daily activities like sleep, meals, and other things. In the medication for bipolar treatment, the first drug given for mood swings may include lithium or anticonvulsant as they are very popular mood stabilizers.


What is Bipolar Disorder?

A normal person in his daily life may face mood swings and even periods of depression. This is a sign of ill mental health. However, they must not know which problem they are facing. They may term it as a normal disorder, but actually, it is Bipolar Disorder. If acknowledged by some, they may ask a very frequent question; what is Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar Disorder is a state of mental illness where a person experiences mood swings along with periods of depression. They may also face a sleep disorder. There are periods of elevated mood and even hyper mania. It is a chronic disease and must be referred to as a professional otherwise; it may cost a precious life. This is a life-long disease.

However, it is not that it cannot be treated. Bipolar treatment is possible but only if prescribed and followed the instructions of a recognized practitioner properly. It is also known as maniac disorder. A person may feel abnormally cheerful and energetic; however, inside he is suffering from a serious illness.


What is a person with Bipolar like?

A person with Bipolar may look normal. However, according to the mood swings, a person may become highly energetic at some point and eventually, extremely low at the other. He seems to be alright but he is not. Mood swings are not in his control.

He may even feel depressed and is likely to lose his life or commit suicide. A Bipolar person is to be dealt with firmly. He is to be given some psychological attention or family time. He demands special attention and treatment. In India daily around 10, 00,000 people fall prey to Bipolar Disorder every year.


Common causes of Bipolar:

Everyone is unique and has a body structure. Thus, the causes of Bipolar Disorder vary with their different body structures. However, the common causes of Bipolar include the following:

  • Hormonal changes-

Hormonal changes may modify a person’s being. If released in large concentrations, it may make a person highly energetic and in another case, it may make them highly inconsistent, lazy, and depressed.

Thus, hormonal imbalance may be a cause of BD.

  • Genetic Disorder-

Genetic disorder means that a person has inherited BD from his parents. If he has a family member with such a problem, he is likely to inherit the disease.

  • Environmental issues-

Sometimes, the external environment is also responsible for our health. We know that environment is highly dynamic and uncertain. Sometimes, environmental changes pose a threat to our lives. Stress, abuse, overpowering may affect our lives adversely.

  • Biological characteristics-

Biological traits are also one of the many causes of BD. People suffering from Bipolar Disorders may show some physical changes in their body; especially in the brain for it affects them badly.

  • Chemical contrast-

Chemical contrast in the brain may also a reason for bipolar disorder. It plays a key role in changing mood and, may also change our perspective of life. The nerve cells in the brain may transfer false information and may cause us Bipolar Disorder.


Bipolar depression signs/ symptoms:

Depression is also a sign of Bipolar Disorder. It is often referred to as bipolar depression. Bipolar depression signs/ symptoms include the following:

  • A feeling of hopelessness and despair
  • Sleeping disorder
  • Anxiety and stress
  • Thinking about tragic things
  • Insomnia
  • Changes in eating habits
  • Fatigue and restlessness
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Uncomfortable
  • Unhappy
  • Low attention
  • Irritation on small issues


Bipolar Disorder Diagnosis:

Bipolar disorder diagnosis may include various steps. These steps range from a physical exam, psychiatric assessment, mood assessment, and comparison with characteristics. These steps are described below:

Physical exam-

If you are experiencing certain symptoms of Bipolar Disorder like mood swings, you are likely to visit your doctor at the earliest. It may not take long for your doctor to conduct your physical exam and certain tests and detect your problem.

Psychiatrist assessment-

An experienced practitioner may send you to a recognized psychiatrist who may examine your symptoms, recognize your problem, and may even counsel you.

Mood assessment-

A qualified doctor examines your symptoms carefully. He is subject to assess your moods and draw proper attention to the cause. The doctor carefully examines the changes in your mood and acts accordingly. He may also chart all your mood swings for further reference.

Comparison with characteristics-

After following all the above steps, the doctor shall compare your symptoms with the characteristics of standard Bipolar Disorder. Then, he may draw the required statistics and diagnose the disease.

Children too have bipolar disorder. It is quite alarming that at such a tender age, they face a lot of anxiety and are diagnosed with such chronic disease. It is not the case that they have some more dramatic symptoms but it is a cause of alarm for all of us who put a lot of stress and pressure on these soft impressionable minds.

Bipolar Disorder and Suicide:

Suicide has got a much wider shape these days. Though it is a crime yet the cases of suicide are increasing day by day. Doctors have got to know that bipolar disorder and suicide are related.

A person who is depressed has more chances to commit suicide than a normal person for he is unhappy with his being. Mood swings may sometimes end up a person losing his life. It is found that 30%-70% of suicides are committed by the patients of depression.

The case in men is twice as many women. Breakups, relationships are found to be the major reasons for depression and mood swings which cost people the lives of their loved ones. It is also found that Bipolar Disorder patients who do not get the right treatment are at a greater risk.

The most precious thing that we have ever had in our life. If we are not alive, then who is to care? We have to live our lives to prove ourselves that we too can survive. No disease can make us lose our lives. We are the warriors and also the victors. A person suffering from Bipolar Disorder should get adequate treatment. Also, it is the duty of society and people at large to keep people happy. We must not discard or depress anyone. We must give what they expect from us.

You can also read about

Paranoid Disorder: Symptoms, Causes, and Complications

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